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Category: Applied Mathematics

Using Dirac Delta Formalism to Calculate Shear Force and Bending Moment

Using Dirac Delta Formalism to Calculate Shear Force and Bending Moment

Editor's note: This article was written by Valentin Fadeev, a physics PhD candidate in the UK. He also co-authored this article on equivalences and isomorphisms in category theory. You can find him on Twitter via the handle @ValFadeev. The delta function was introduced by P.A.M. Dirac, one of the founders of quantum electrodynamics. The delta…

Should I accept this shipment?

Should I accept this shipment?

Suppose you work for an engineering or manufacturing firm, and you receive shipments of different parts from various suppliers. It's not good business practice to just blindly accept a shipment, because some parts in your batch may be defective. Too many defective parts, and you'll slow down manufacturing (in addition to wasting valuable time and…

Exploiting Chemistry for Better Packet Flow Management 1: Introduction

Exploiting Chemistry for Better Packet Flow Management 1: Introduction

Perhaps the phrase "don't reinvent the wheel" is overused. However, many newer disciplines, particularly in the technology sector, seem to insist on it. One thing physical engineers learned long ago was to study the world around them, work with it, and emulate it in their designs. Network engineering should be no different. In a technical…

Paper Review: Active Queue Management with Non-Linear Packet Dropping Function

Paper Review: Active Queue Management with Non-Linear Packet Dropping Function

As promised in the previous article, I plan to review Reference 2, Active Queue Management with Non-Linear Packet Dropping Function, by D. Augustyn, A. Domanski, and J. Domanska, published in HET-NETs 2010, which discusses a change in the structure of the packet drop probability function using the average queue length in a buffer. I mentioned previously that…

Networking Mathematics: Random Early Detection and TCP synchronization

Networking Mathematics: Random Early Detection and TCP synchronization

Computer networks are something most of us take for granted--speed, reliability, availability are expectations. In fact, network problems tend to make us very angry, whether it's dropped packets (yielding jittery Skype calls), congestion (that huge game download eating all the bandwidth), or simply a network outage. There's an awful lot going on underneath the hood…

Poisson Processes and Data Loss

Poisson Processes and Data Loss

There are many applications for counting arrivals over time. Perhaps I want to count the arrivals into a store, or shipments into a postal distribution center, or node failures in a cloud cluster, or hard drive failures in a traditional storage array. It's rare that these events come neatly, one after the other, with a…